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  • The first Anime was a two-minute clip of a samurai testing his new sword.
  • Cutout, an animation technique using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from paper, card stock, fabric and photographs, was created by Noburō Ōfuji and Yasuji Murata in the 1930s.
  • Other pioneering animators were Kenzō Masaoka and Mitsuyo Seo,
  • Chikara to Onna no Yo no Naka (The World of Power and Women) produced by Masaoka in 1933, was the first talkie anime.
  • Momotaro’s Divine Sea Warriors”, features the “Peach Boy” from Japanese folklore, directed by Seo in 1945, was the first feature-length anime. It was sponsored by the Imperial Japanese Navy as propaganda.
  • Manga, comics and print cartoons, helped propel the growth of anime due to fact that many were later adapted into animation format.
  • Osamu Tezuka was particularly adept at translating Manga into Anime. He was key in inspiring others in this field and helped create the fundamental elements of today’s anime. He also developed the giant robot genre–called “Mecha” outside of Japan.
  • Go Nagai developed the giant robot, “Mecha” genre into Super Robot.
  • Yoshiyuki Tomino developed the Real Robot genre.
  • Famous Robot anime include; “Gundamand “The Super Dimension Fortress Macross”. Both became instant classics in the 1980.
  • After this, anime experienced a boom in production and gained worldwide appeal that continues into the 21st century.

References and other links:

Pioneers of Japanese Anime at PIFAN http://www.midnighteye.com/features/pioneers-of-anime.shtml

Anime News Network http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/anime.php?id=4998&page=23

Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anime